1. No matter
No matter who
whom
what
which
how
when
where
引導「讓步的副詞子句」;也可寫作 whoever
whomever
whatever
whichever
however
whenever
wherever
  • 不論誰反對,我都要和他結婚。
No matter who may object, I will marry him.
=Whoever may object, I will marry him.
  • 不論你問誰,你都得不到答案。
No matter whom you may ask, you won’t get the answer.
=Whomever you may ask, you won’t get the answer.
  • 不論我父母怎麼說,我都不要出國讀書。
No matter what my parents may say, I will not go abroad to study.
=Whatever my parents may say, I will not go abroad to study.
  • 不論你選擇哪一個,你都不會滿意。
No matter which you may choose, you won’t be satisfied.
=Whichever you may choose, you won’t be satisfied.
  • 不論你多麼愛他,你都不應該借錢他。
No matter how much you love him, you should not lend him the money.
=However much you love him, you should not lend him the money.
  • 不論你什麼時候去訪問瑪麗,你都會看到她在唸書。
No matter when you may call on Mary, you will find her reading.
=Whenever you may call on Mary, you will find her reading.
  • 不論你去哪裡,都必須讓我知道。
No matter where you go, you have to let me know.
=Wherever you go, you have to let me know.
2.Whether

以「whether…or」引導「表讓步的副詞子句」,用於表示無論選擇任一事物都沒關係。

  • 無論是步行或開車,我都會準時到那裡。
Whether I walk or drive, I’ll be there on time.
  • 無論是晴天或下雨,她都要去購物。
Whether it rains or shines, she’ll go shopping.
=Rain or shine, she’ll go shopping.
3. Regardless of

若要表示「儘管、不管」,可用「in spite of」、「despite」、「regardless of」。

  • 僅管她身處惡劣的處境,媒體還是會試著取得她的報導。
The media would try to get the stories from her regardless of her being in a bad situation.
=The media would try to get the stories from her despite that she was in a bad situation.
  • 儘管天氣不好,我們還是去露營。
Despite the bad weather, we went camping.
=In spite of the bad weather, we went camping.
=Regardless of the bad weather, we went camping.