Where to put adverbs

許多同學認為副詞只能放在句尾,其實除了句尾之外,副詞還可以放在其他很多的地方;也就是說副詞的位置不同,所強調修飾的字就不同。
想一想,下面的句子意思有差別嗎?
1. The teacher and students really have good rapport.
(really 用來修飾動詞 have)
The teacher and students have really good rapport.
(really 用來修飾形容詞 good)
2. Paula really had a great time at her birthday party.
(really 用來修飾動詞 have)
Paula had a really great time at her birthday party.
(really 用來修飾形容詞 great)
3. Two hundred people died in the earthquake nearly. *(不正確)
Nearly two hundred people died in the earthquake.
(nearly 用來修飾 two hundred people)
He nearly died in the earthquake.
(nearly 用來修飾 died)
4. She takes a bus to school usually. *(怪怪的)
She usually takes a bus to school.
(頻率副詞放在修飾動詞之前)
副詞究竟應該要放在哪裡呢?
(1)副詞

正確位置的應該是盡量接近修飾字的位置:如果修飾動詞,則靠近動詞,如修飾形容詞,則靠近形容詞。特別強調的字可放句首,不過並不多見。

(2)頻率副詞

如always、usually、often 多用來修飾動詞,應該放在動詞前,be動詞後面,例如 He often comes to school late 以及 He is often late for school。