前一課裡討論的狀態動詞多為be動詞,現在要介紹一些其他的狀態動詞,例如:
之前的狀態 動作動詞 之後的狀態
感冒 don’t have a cold catch a cold have a cold
有工作 don’t have a job find a job have a job

 

還有其他的形式,例如:
之前的狀態 動作動詞 之後的狀態
認得 don’t know a person meet a person know a person
學習 don’t know a word learn a word know a word
知道 don’t know a thing find out a thing know a thing
更正下面句中的錯誤

I have learned the English letters for several years. *I knew him three years ago. *

He hopes his mother will not know he lost the money. *

When she knew her dog was dead, she began to cry. *

Even if you speak in a soft voice, we can know what you are saying. *

He has caught a cold for a week. *

How long has he found the job? *

I spent 2 hours going over the article to have some good ideas. *

解答
 I have learned the English letters for several years.*(這句話不合理,26個字母不需要學幾年)
I learned the English letters several years ago. (動作)I have known the English letters for several years.(狀態)

 I knew him three years ago.*(誤用狀態動詞,應該用動作動詞)
I met him three years ago.I have known him for three years.

 He hopes his mother will not know he lost the money. *
 He hopes his mother will not find out he lost the money.
 When she knew her dog was dead, she began to cry. *
 When she learned her dog was dead, she began to cry.
 Even if you speak in a soft voice, we can know what you are saying. *
 Even if you speak in a soft voice, we can understand what you are saying.
 He has caught a cold for a week. *
 He has had a cold for a week.
 How long has he found the job?*
 How long has he had the job?
 I spent 2 hours going over the article to have some good ideas. *